What is Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus causes types of tests and sugar levels:-Diabetes is known as Diabetes mellitus. It is a dangerous disease caused by a poor lifestyle. Excess of sugar in the blood is a sign of Diabetes mellitus. The level of sugar in our body with the metabolic system is much higher than it should be,
So we consider that person as a diabetic. According to the survey, 11% of Indians have diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease.
Sugar levels are divided into two Test-
1. Fasting Test (Empty stomach)
During fasting, if more than 125 mg/dl of sugar is found in the blood,
It is a sign of diabetes as per WHO.
The normal diabetes level is then 110mg/dl.
2. Postprandial (2 hours after eating)
If the amount of sugar in the Postprandial is more than 145 mg/dl,
It is a sign of diabetes as per WHO.
The normal diabetes level is 140mg/dl.
Nowadays, HBA1C is used to check for Diabetes mellitus. HBA1C level is more than 7 percent, It means a person is diabetic.
Diabetes that occurs at the time of pregnancy of women, we know as gestational diabetes. It saw in women the First time during pregnancy.
Types of diabetes
There are mainly two types of Diabetes mellitus.
Type-1 Diabetes –
Type one diabetes is most commonly seen in children under 20 years. There is a gland called pancreas in our body from which a hormone called insulin is released.
The hormones in children stop coming out By which they become a victim of diabetes. The autoimmune disease causes hormones from the pancreas to stop. Insulin is the hormone with the help of which food is converted into energy. Without this hormone, our body cannot control the amount of sugar.
Type-2 Diabetes –
There is an approximate 90% of people have type-2 diabetes. Type-2 diabetes decreases the sensitivity of insulin or decreases the amount of insulin released. Insulin is produced in type-2 Diabetes mellitus, It is not according to the requirement of the body.
Mostly, Between 30 to 40 years The risk of type-2 Diabetes mellitus is more.
1. Insulin is not released as much required by the body
2. Insulin is going out and the sensitivity is over.
3. If a man is taking more stress.there is a chance of hormones changes in his body.
By which he can also become a victim of Diabetes mellitus.
Symptoms of Diabetes mellitus
1. Frequent thirst
2. Sudden weight gain or loss
3. Feeling hungry
4. Blurry eyesight
5. Having a hard attack
6. Kidney failure
7. Walk itchier
If the parents of a child are diabetic. the chances of developing Diabetes mellitus inside their child also increase.
If you see any of these symptoms. You should contact your doctor and get your blood tested.
How junk food causes Diabetes mellitus
The calories we get after eating fast food are more according to our requirements. That makes a man fat. If the weight of a man increases from 50 kg to 80 kg, The insulin that is coming out of his body will not be enough for 80 kg.
he required more insulin which he becomes a victim of Diabetes mellitus.
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Side effects of Diabetes mellitus
Our body runs on all these things like sugar, carbohydrate, and protein, etc. and if it stops producing. Diabetes mellitus problems-
1. our eyes get spoiled.
2. Chances of heart attack increase
It can damage the system of the body.
Diabetes mellitus prevention
It is very important to first find out why you have sugar.
1- Diet Plan
- We should eat according to calories.
- Do not use fast food and junk food as much as possible unless not more required.
2- Daily routine (physical activity)
We should always do physical exercises or yoga. And we should keep our weight under control.
Physical work will improve your calorie intake.
3- Stress level
The level of man’s stress is different so that-We should take stress according to our level not more than this.
If you have a stress problem, then the best exercise is for you is Meditation. It will equal all your hormones levels in your body.
What to eat in Diabetes
The diabetic patient should stop sweet things like sweets, sweet fruits, juices, etc. Vegetables should not be eaten like potatoes, sweet potatoes, etc.
A diabetic patient should eat green leafy vegetables as much as possible.which is very beneficial for him.
In this race of today’s life, you have to maintain your stress level always. A diabetic person should always keep his stress level low. For this, you can do Yoga, Art of Living or any other courses to maintain stress level.
A diabetic patient should always have good sleep for at least 8 hours.